If the biological parent does not give up their parental rights and custody of the child, the other parent's subsequent marriage cannot create a parental relationship without the biological parent's written consent before a "child" reaches adulthood.In most cases, the stepparent can not be ordered to pay child support.Corresponding words in other Germanic languages include: Old High German stiuf- and Old Norse stjúp-.
The words are used to denote a connection resulting from the remarriage of a widowed parent and are related to the word ástíeped meaning bereaved, with stepbairn and stepchild occasionally used simply as synonyms for orphan.
Words such as stepbrother, stepniece and stepparent appeared much later and do not have any particular connotation of bereavement.
Stepparents generally do not have the authority to give legal consent to medical treatment for a stepchild, unless the stepparent has legally adopted the child or been designated a legal guardian.
A child's parents or legal guardians may sign a statement authorizing a third party to consent to medical care.
Steopsunu is given for the Latin word filiaster and steopmoder for nouerca.
Similar words recorded later in Old English include stepbairn, stepchild and stepfather.
Stepparents often face significant difficulties when interacting with the paternal parent.
Often, paternal parents feel as though the other man or woman is going to ultimately replace them.
Children in a stepfamily may live with one biological parent, or they may live with each biological parent for a period of time.